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Universal Periodic Review

Universal Periodic Review

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique mechanism of the Human Rights Council that calls for each UN Member State to undergo a peer review of its human rights records every 4.5 years. The UPR provides each State the opportunity to regularly:

  • Report on the actions it has taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to overcome challenges to the enjoyment of human rights; and
  • Receive recommendations – informed by multi-stakeholder input and pre-session reports – from UN Member States for continuous improvement.

Established in March 2006 by the UN General Assembly in resolution 60/251, the UPR is designed to prompt, support, and expand the promotion and protection of human rights in every country.

Since the first periodic review in 2008, all 193 UN Member States have been reviewed three times. The fourth cycle of review began in November 2022, at the 41st session of the UPR Working Group.

UPR: How it works

Watch UPR adoptions and reviews on UN Web TV

UPR 4th cycle – Key documents

Calendar of Reviews for the UPR 4th Cycle

UPR 4th Cycle Deadlines for States and Stakeholders

Guidance Note for UPR 4th cycle national reports (English | Français)

Guidance Note on Addenda to UPR WG Reports (English | Français)

Civil society technical guidelines for stakeholders’ submissions for the 4th cycle
(العربية | English | Français | русский | Español)

Technical guidelines for UN entities’ submissions for the 4th cycle
(العربية | 中文 | English | Français | русский | Español)

Upcoming deadlines

46th session (29 Apr - 10 May 2024)

  • NGO/NHRI submissions: 11 October 2023
  • National report: 29 January 2024

47th session (04 - 15 Nov 2024)

  • NGO/NHRI submissions: 8 April 2024
  • National report: 5 August 2024

Addenda to UPR Working Group Reports

  • Addenda to 44th session UPR Working Group Reports: 1st deadline 11 December 2023 / 2nd deadline 12 February 2024
  • Addenda to 45th session UPR Working Group Reports: 1st deadline April 2024 / 2nd deadline May 2024 (tentative)

Upcoming reviews

45th session (22 January 2024 - 02 February 2024): Timetable / Troika

View Orders of the day for the 45th session in the UPR Extranet (to come)

45th session of the UPR - List of countries (by date of the review)

Saudi Arabia, Senegal, China, Nigeria, Mauritius, Mexico, Jordan, Malaysia, Central African Republic, Monaco, Belize, Chad, Congo, Malta

Upcoming adoptions

55th session of the Human Rights Council (26 Feb – 5 Apr 2024)

Item 6 - List of countries

Turkmenistan, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Colombia, Uzbekistan, Tuvalu, Germany, Djibouti, Canada, Bangladesh, Russian Federation, Azerbaijan, Cameroon, Cuba

In focus

Voluntary Fund video
Delegates from Small Island Developing States speak about the benefits of the UPR Voluntary Fund for Participation.
Watch video

2022 annual reports of UPR Voluntary Funds available

The 2022 annual reports of the two UPR Voluntary Funds are being presented to the Human Rights Council during its HRC 53 session, under agenda item 6.

The report on the Voluntary Fund for Participation outlines activities the Fund undertook to foster participation in the UPR process, particularly among least developed countries (LDCs) and small islands developing States (SIDS).

In 2022, the Fund covered travel to Geneva for 19 State delegates, including five from LDCs and four from SIDS, to participate in the review of their country at the UPR Working Group and/or in the UPR adoptions during Human Rights Council session.

Access the Participation Fund report

The report on the Voluntary Fund for Implementation highlights projects funded in 2022 in several priority areas.

These brought about tangible improvement in human rights in countries across four continents: Belize, Bhutan, Brazil, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guyana, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Madagascar, the Republic of Moldova, Mozambique, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Serbia, Somalia, Tunisia, Uruguay and Uzbekistan.

Access the Implementation Fund report for 2022

Summary of the high-level panel discussion on the UPR Funds

The report on the High-level panel discussion on the achievements, good practices and lessons learned by the two UPR voluntary funds, submitted to the 53rd session of the Human Rights Council, takes stock of the impact of the Funds on the UPR mechanism during the 3rd UPR cycle.

The report summarizes the high-level panel discussion held at the Human Rights Council on 1 March 2023, featuring the UN Deputy Secretary-General and the Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights and representatives from OECD, UPR Info, Member States, United Nations entities and civil society representatives.

Access HRC report 53/58

Meetings and events

Past meetings and events

High-level panel discussion on the UPR Voluntary Funds Achievements, good practices and lessons learned over the past 15 years and optimized support to States in the implementation of recommendations emanating from the fourth cycle

Where: Palais des Nations, Geneva

When: HRC52, 1 March 2023 16:00-18:00

View webcast of event

Download Concept Note

View meeting page

The UPR as a problem-solving tool – closing the technical cooperation gap

When: 31 January 2023

Where: Palais des Nations, Geneva

Download the concept note and programme

Play recording (2hr 9 mins – Password: 7Cg9n53d)

Side event: Supporting States, Realizing Rights

The 4th cycle of the UPR and 15th Anniversary of the Voluntary Fund for Financial and Technical Assistance in the implementation of the Universal Periodic Review

Where: New York

When: 3 November 2022

View webcast of event

View meeting page

View all recent Meetings and events

Guidance and resources

UN good practices: How the UPR process supports sustainable development

Drawing on more than 60 experiences from across the UN system, this repository captures how the UPR has been able to advance the promotion and protection of human rights, and to ensure greater compliance, in law and in practice, in all regions of the world.
(العربية | 中文 | English | Français | Русский | Español)

Learn more about UPR good practices on sustainable development

Maximizing the use of the UPR at country level - Practical Guidance

Prepared by OHCHR in consultation with the entire UN system, this document provides guidance on how UN entities at the country level can engage in the UPR process to support progress by Member States on human rights and the SDGs, as well as on the prevention and sustaining peace agendas.
(العربية | 中文 | English | Français | Русский | Español

View all guidance and resources

Latest news

View latest press releases related to the UPR

Contact information

For States:

For Stakeholders: